From Hyderabad, Bangalore, and Nagpur to Delhi and even Mumbai – borewell is the way to go. India uses borewell water not just for irrigation, it’s the main source of drinking water in the cities.
But the biggest challenge of having a borewell is that it gets contaminated easily.
You will never know how and when this water become non-drinkable.
In this article, we will see common borewell water problems in cities and the recommended purifiers to reduce TDS and make the borewell water drinkable for these problems.
Borewell Water Problems in India
As said before, most of the major Indian cities rely on borewell for water supply due to lack of lakes and rivers.
Naturally, borewell water is suitable for daily necessities like washing, cleaning, and even drinking. However, the hardness of water and contamination levels can be a significant concern.
A primary reason for this is the prolonged rainy seasons and also the interaction with heavy metals.
Some of the most common problems of borewell water are:
- Presence of heavy metals like Arsenic and Lead
- Awful Odor
- Microorganisms like bacteria and virus
How to Purify Borewell Water at Home
You might have not understood the need for having the best borewell water purifier in your home.
In the face of these several impurities, it becomes vital to purify the water for use. If not, you might become sick.
Let’s tackle each of these borewell water problems and learn how to improve the conditions:
Getting muddy water from borewell is one of the most common problems everywhere in India. I don’t have to tell you how unsafe is to drink this.
Reason for Muddy Water in Borewell
Shallow well-water often contains mud particles and this is recognized by a visible brown color. A fractured well zone may dissolve the clay-like soil into the water, turning it salty.
Such water can leave behind salt residues, staining the porcelain.
How to Filter Muddy Water from Borewell
Filtering muddy water is not a hard thing to do. Here are some of the ways you can tackle this issue:
- Remove the pump and check the deepness of the well. In case the bottom meets the original depth, you may need to lift the pump. However, if it is altered due to siltation, a permanent solution is required.
- A compressor can also be used to pump the water with pressure until it yields clear water. However, the process may be tedious and even costly.
- Another concern is that muddy water often has a high TDS, indicating contamination and hardness.Since the TDS is on higher side, you can’t use a UF water purifier to lower the TDS. Reverse Osmosis (RO) with an Activated Carbon Filter is the pick for a challenge like this one. Moreover, to eliminate all bacteria, virus, and germs, a UV light filter becomes an absolute necessity!
What is the hardness of water? It is among the frequently asked questions by many who rely on wells for water consumption.
- Hardness refers to contents of calcium and magnesium in the water.
- It leaves behind calcium scums and sticky residue.
- A lack of soap lather in the shower could be an indication of it.
- It also gives the water a slightly sour taste.
This “hardness” can easily be measured using a TDS Meter. A TDS of above 200mg/liter is a clear indicator of hardness.
WHO and the USRC claim Hard Water is not a health hazard. While this may come as a surprise, it is believed to be a source of dietary supplement.
In this case, Water purification becomes a choice and not a necessity.
Hard water can be problematic at home, especially since it leaves behind stains on the floor and clothes. Not only that, but it also causes rough and itchy scalp and skin. Due to these reasons, many people look for alternates such as water softeners, chlorine drops, and tablets.
But, would you feel comfortable consuming chlorine infused water? We don’t think so!
In such a case, Water filters become essential. A Reverse Osmosis (RO) filter is one that can eliminate this “hardness.” The Eureka Forbes AquaSure Smart Plus is a popular choice! You can use this highly-efficient product for a TDS of 200-2000!
3. Heavy Metals in Borewell Water
Metals like Arsenic, Lead, and Fluoride are hazardous to health. These metals are known to have high toxicity levels which lead to poisoning.
Some common health issues caused by long-term consumption of metal-polluted water are:
- Stunted Growth
- Nerve Damage
- Organ Damage
- Memory Damage, and
- Early Death
Industries typically dump their processed water without any treatments. Thus, groundwater becomes polluted with chemicals and heavy metals. Other reasons include Rain which dissolves these heavy metals into rocks and soils.
With heavy monsoon rains so frequent in India, water contamination with heavy metals has become a pretty common occurrence!
How to tackle heavy Metal problems in Borwell water?
You can only identify this through proper lab tests, which will also help in deciding the required filtering method.
In case the water laboratory tests find the borewell water to be polluted with Lead and Fluoride, RO is your safest bet.
Reverse Osmosis Filters seem to be the top choice in solving all the common borewell problems. The system helps to eliminate metals. Along with that, a combination of Activated Carbon and UV or UF can help purify the water from Bacteria and Virus.
4. The Awful Smell
Brewing up coffee with smelly water from your borewell? It does not sound pleasing.
Reasons for Smelly Borewell Water
This occurs due to the presence of Bacteria interacting with the minerals. Another significant cause is the presence of Sulfide and other gasses in the well. You may have noticed a rotten egg like-smell which results from such gasses. It can occur at concentrations as low as 1 ppm.
This challenge is existent in wells; both municipal and private!
Another cause of sewerage-like smell in water is the close construction of most draining lines with wells. Seepage of drains can be a critical problem. By this, we aren’t only referring to the reeking smell but also the multiple health hazards.
The traditional salt-based water softening agents can make the problem much worse. In such scenarios, softeners are out of the question. Other alternates include chlorination and cleaning methods.
How to Make borewell Water free from Awful Smell?
Bad odors can be a nightmare but aren’t that difficult to treat.
Instead of spending thousands of bucks on temporary solutions, investing in a water purification system can be life-changing. Activated Carbon and Charcoal filters can eliminate bad odor and taste, giving you purity and safety.
It is the ideal solution to the smelly well-water in Major Indian cities. A sleek and compact filter, stored in the kitchen, can solve many issues.
The Aqua Libra Water Purifier comes with a RO+ UV+ UF+ TDS controller. Moreover, its unique technology also works to improve lousy odor, taste, and appearance!
However, it is also vital to invest in regular Borewell Maintenance. This involves the following:
- Motor Repair
Armed with advanced technological options, we see no reason why you shouldn’t invest in a water purifier. A diverse range of options is available both online and offline for you to choose from for your household. A combination filter is the safest and most cost-effective method to counter all your water problems.
Test your water TDS and choose wisely according to your household needs. From mud and odor to metal contamination, a RO+UV+UF+TDS filter is the smartest choice!
How to Reduce TDS in Borewell Water
In case of high TDS measures, opt for a whole-house purification system.
With improved technology and advanced systems, you can utilize any water body and get 100% purified water. Instead of relying on the old techniques involving chemicals, go the smarter way by making use of the new-age methods.
The best part is they are highly reliable. In case of error or filter malfunction, the purifier alerts you in advance.
With the press of a button, you get access to clean and pure water without altering water’s natural qualities!
Reducing the TDS in borewell water is not a hard thing if you choose the right water purifier.
Is Borewell Water Safe for Drinking?
Despite research evidence, Water Quality Associations and other such organizations believe borewell hard water to be safe. It makes regular monitoring essential to rule out contamination of chemicals like arsenic since they can be poisonous.
For this reason, you can reach out to any government laboratory which will help guide you regarding the contamination levels. A TDS measure of more than 200 is an indicator of hard water.
Water hardness and contamination by pollutants are two significant issues that concern Borewell water. That makes it almost impossible to use it for drinking purposes; though people continue to do so.
Moreover, heavy metals, like lead, arsenic, and fluoride, often pollute this type of water source. That is one reason for its slightly sour taste.
Arsenic is a metal that naturally occurs in soil and rocks, but can also be a result of human activity. Short-term exposure to it can lead to milder problems like vomiting and Diarrhea. However, long-term exposure can result in serious health hazards like Cancer.
In 2012, the Nagpur Municipality Corporation banned the use of borewell water after the Nitrate Levels shot up. The permissible Nitrate content limit is 45mg/liter. However, the readings found the content to be over 300mg/liter in most localities.
Using hard water at home, you may have noticed multiple problems. Calcium scums, iron stains, and clogged pipes are just a few examples. If un-dissolved salts could cause so much damage on the outside, we wonder what it’s doing to our insides when consumed.
Instead of spending hours trying to boil water, why not save time with an electric system that could save you the effort?
That makes it quite evident that contrary to government beliefs, it is crucial to invest in a water purifier. It helps keep your entire family healthy and far from water-borne illnesses.
- If your well water has a low TDS level, a standard sediment filter can help filter out contaminants.
- In the case of Arsenic Pollution, a Reverse Osmosis or RO filter becomes a necessity.
- However, to counter lousy odor, poor taste, and health hazards, a combination of RO+UV+UF is recommended.
With your health at stake, it becomes crucial to opt for safer water sources. The only way to keep your home free of diseases is through the use of safe and clean drinking water.